2 - Rome: Latin Periodfrom Lazio to Alba la Longue
The Etruscan War
The group led by Aeneas therefore lands on the coast of Lazio by coming into contact with the indigenous peoples of the Latins. After an initial series of clashes, the two ethnic groups opt for a bond of peaceful peace and good coexistence. Latinus, therefore, the king of the Latins, welcomed Aeneas and his family, and allowed them to settle in Lazio. While the daughter Lavinia of King Latinus was promised to Turnus, King of Rutulia, Latinus wanted to marry her to Aeneas, and that to consecrate the union between the two peoples. From their marriage was born the new Latino-Trojan family. This marriage between Aeneas and Lavinia provoked the anger of the neighboring King of the Rutulians, to whom Lavinia had already promised, as a wife, and whose anger would lead him to declare war on the Latins. The king, even Latinus, fell on the field of battle while defending his honor. In spite of the great loss of the king, the Latin-Trojans manage to organize a heroic military defense and to launch the victorious war against the Rutulii of King Tour. The favorable result of the war for the Latino-Trojans forced the King of the Rutulei to call for help the Etruscan troops of Mezenzio, King of Caere (now Cerveteri). In this historic period, Caere is one of the most powerful shopping and military centers in central Italy. In the final battle, the Latin-Trojans defeated the troops of the Ruthis and Etruscans. Aeneas kills the King's Tower in the battle of his hands, and leads the troops to victory. This great victory on the ground, and the death of King Tour, ends a war that also marks the glorious destiny of the Latin populations. The Etruscans of Mezenzio, impressed by the heroism and courage of the Latins, conclude a peace treaty with the Latino-Trojans, accepting the Tiber as the only natural border between the Etruscan and Latin populations and building a wooden bridge as a sign of sacred union between the two peoples.
The Founded Cities
A son was born between Aeneas and Lavinia who will take the name of Silvius. Between two, the queen of Carthage committed suicide, who left the city without control, pushed her sister Annae to take care of it, but following the continuous attacks, she decided to leave Carthage and to settle on the island first from Malta and then to Lazio, feeling no doubt protected by the presence of Aeneas who had been a lover of his sister Dido. Aeneas welcomed Annae among her family but this will cause problems with his wife Lavinia, because too jealous of her beauty. Finally Annae threw herself into the water committing suicide. She will take the title of Goddess with the name of Anne-Parennaes. In keeping with the promise made to his father Anchises, Aeneas finally founded the city of Lavinium on the Tyrrhenian coast, and became the Indigenous god after his death.
At the end of the war with the Etruscans, the son of Aeneas, Ascanio, who between two found himself to be crowned King of the Latins all confused, founded a new community and a new City on the slopes of Mount Albano, and the call Albalongus since on the fine slopes of the mountain, it was growing in length, Albe Long. From this city will come the most important motive for the history of Rome.
Alba the long
According to Denys of Halicarnassus, the region of Alba Long, would have been originally occupied, from an old age, by Greek peoples. The first Aborigines, people of Arcadia, would have driven the Siculians out of the region, after allied themselves with Pelasgians, coming from Thrace. This would take place three generations before the Trojan War, so around the beginning of the 13th century BC. Thirty years later, inhabitants of the Greek city of Pallantio, still in Arcadia, led by a certain Evandrus, have arrived in the region. The Aborigines, then ruled by Faunus, would have welcomed the Arcadians, who would have settled on the Palatine Hill, not far from the Tiber, so called in memory of the city of Pallantio, introducing the Greek alphabet and customs and ways of life more civilized in the region. A successive migration, would have seen as protagonist the famous Heracles which, arrived in Latium return of the conquests of Iberia, would have killed the famous popular brigand Cacus. In his honor, the Palatine people would have established a cult and festivities dedicated to Heracles.